Captive Callers: How Regulators Can Address Paradoxical Pricing in the ICS Industry After GLOBAL*TEL LINK

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Taggart R. Mosholder*

In my 16 years as a regulator, this is the clearest, most egregious case of market failure I have seen. Instead of getting better, rates and fees for consumers are more onerous. Thus, it is imperative for us to move quickly to adopt an Order for total reform.
— Former FCC Commissioner Mignon Clyburn

I. Introduction

Inmate Communication Services (ICS) are telephone services provided to correctional facilities in the United States for use by inmates. In 2013, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) set per-minute rate caps on interstate phone rates for ICS nationwide. Whether the FCC had this authority was not seriously in dispute. But in 2015, the FCC issued another order (the “2015 Order”) that was a vast, if not unprecedented, expansion of its previously asserted authority. Continue reading “Captive Callers: How Regulators Can Address Paradoxical Pricing in the ICS Industry After GLOBAL*TEL LINK”

Born This Way: Transgender Student Access to School Bathrooms

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Madison Shaner*

Introduction

Nicole Maines was born Wyatt Maines, and from a young age she knew that she was different from her twin brother; she knew that she was a girl despite the fact that she was born in a male body. With the support of her family, Nicole was able to grow up openly transgender. She went through a gradual transition process in elementary school, and, initially, her school was supportive, including allowing her to use the girls’ bathroom. However, another student’s grandparents found out about Nicole and they began making complaints to the school, and that student began to follow and harass Nicole. The school then told Nicole and her family that she could not use the girls’ bathroom anymore; she either needed to use the boys’ bathroom or the bathroom in the nurse’s office. Nicole felt trapped; she couldn’t use the bathroom consistent with her gender identity. Nicole’s family later sued the school, and in 2014, the Supreme Court of Maine ruled that Nicole’s rights had been violated. Continue reading “Born This Way: Transgender Student Access to School Bathrooms”